A Clarification of Some Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān


   Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnShaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-NajmīShaykh Muqbil ibn Hādī al-WādiʿīShaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn BāzShaykh Khālid ibn Ḍahwī al- ẒufayrīShaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbādShaykh Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-AlbānīShaykh ʿUbayd al-Jābirī

The blessed month of Ramaḍān is a time of worship and righteous deeds. However, during this month, many misnomers and false practices exist. The following is a compilation of common doubts and misconceptions corrected and clarified by Islamic scholars.

bismallah

Consequently, when some doubts and misconceptions affiliated with the month of Ramaḍān became widespread, I saw it fit to clarify some of them so that people will not be deluded by them, for how many a time have you heard the expression: Whoever dies during Ramaḍān will enter paradise without any reckoning, or that they will not be punished in the grave? Or the expression: The beginning of Ramaḍān is reserved for Allāh’s mercy, its middle for His forgiveness, and its end for redemption from the Fire?

 

A Clarification of Some Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān, as Clarified by Some of Our Noble Scholars

Verily, the Book, the Sunnah, and the consensus of the scholars have all affirmed the fact that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is something incumbent upon at least a portion of the Ummah.

Allāh, the Most High, has spoken in numerous places in His Glorious Book about this affair, for He said in one place:

وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚوَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ ﴿١٠٤

“Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good [Islām], enjoining [i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do] and forbidding [polytheism and disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden]. And it is they who are the successful.” [Sūrah Āl-Imrān, 3:104]

Likewise, the Prophet (ﷺ) has made mention of it on many occasions; for instance, he (ﷺ) said: “Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand, and if he is not able to do so, then let him change it with his tongue, and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that is the weakest of faith.” (Reported by Muslim.)

As a result, the scholars—both past and present—have unanimously agreed that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is mandatory upon whoever has the ability to do so. Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) said: “The scholars of the religion have agreed that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is mandatory upon the people” (Jāmi’ al-Masāil, vol 3, pg. 381)

Also, al-Nawawī (رحمه الله) stated when commenting on his (ﷺ) statement: “Let him change it with his hand” the following: “Therefore, it is a mandatory affair, as agreed by the Imāms” (Ṣharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, vol.2, pg. 22).

And from enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, is the issue of clarifying truth from falsehood and not remaining silent about it. Allāh, the Most High, has said:

وَلَا تَلْبِسُوا الْحَقَّ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتَكْتُمُوا الْحَقَّ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٤٢

“And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth while you know it.” [Sūrah al-Baqarah, 2:42]

Furthermore, He mentioned that this characteristic of concealing the truth and remaining silent about it is from the characteristics of the people of the Book. He said:

لُعِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَىٰ لِسَانِ دَاوُودَ وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ ﴿٧٨كَانُوا لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَن مُّنكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ ﴿٧٩

“Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dāwūd [David] and ʿĪsá [Jesus], son of Maryam [Mary]. That was because they disobeyed [Allāh and the messengers] and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. They used not to forbid one another from the munkar [wrong, evildoing, sins, polytheism, disbelief, etc.] which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do.” [Sūrah al-Maʾidah, 5:78-79]

Consequently, when some doubts and misconceptions affiliated with the month of Ramaḍān became widespread, I saw it fit to clarify some of them so that people will not be deluded by them, for how many a time have you heard the expression: Whoever dies during Ramaḍān will enter paradise without any reckoning, or that they will not be punished in the grave? Or the expression: The beginning of Ramaḍān is reserved for Allāh’s mercy, its middle for His forgiveness, and its end for redemption from the Fire?

Therefore, the following is a series of brief articles highlighting a few common doubts and misconceptions that are often repeated upon the tongues of the common folk, specifically upon the inception of this blessed month. Additionally, in some cases, mention will be made about their origin.

I ask Allāh by His Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes to grant me tawfīq in this venture, and to make it a source of benefit for the Muslims.

Written by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed
13th June, 2016.

Continue Reading: The Misconceptions/Doubts: 

 

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