What are Muslims encouraged to do on the day of ‘Arafah?

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1. Fasting on the day of Arafah is an expiation for two years:

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ‘Arafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ‘Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord. It is Mustahab(highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Arafah, so he said, “ It expiates the sins (Minor) of the past year and the coming year.” [Saheeh Muslim (Hadeeth No. 1162)] Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) – rahimahullaah – said, “ The People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ‘Arafah, except for those at ‘Arafah.” [Saheeh Muslim (Hadeeth No. 1348)]

2. Increase in making Dua, best of dua is the dua of ‘Arafah:

خَيرُ الدُّعَاءِ : دُعَاءُ يَومِ عَرَفَةَ

“The best du’aa is the du’aa on the Day of ‘Arafah” [At-Tirmidhee (#3585): Declared Hasan by Shaykh al-Albaanee. See As-Saheehah (#1503)] Making dua in general in these days is highly recommended it was reported that Abu Musa al-Ashari (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) said: “The Du’aa is not rejected during these days of Dhul-Hijjah.” (Lataaif p. 377)

3. Best Dua to say on ‘Arafah is, ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shayin qadeer’:

The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

« خَيرُ الدُّعَاءِ : دُعَاءُ يَومِ عَرَفَةَ ، وَ خَيرُ مَا قُلْتُ أَنَا وَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ قَبْلِي : لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ ، وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ المُلكُ ، وَ لَهُ الحَمدُ ، وَ هُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَدِيرٌ »

“The best du’aa is the du’aa on the Day of ‘Arafah, and the best thing that I and the Prophets before me said is: ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shayin qadeer’.” (There is nothing that deserves to be worshiped in truth except Allaah, He is Alone and has no partner, to Him belongs the dominion and to Him belongs all praise, and He is All-Powerful over all things) [At-Tirmidhee (#3585): Declared Hasan by Shaykh al-Albaanee. See As-Saheehah (#1503)]

4. Starting from Fajr of the day ‘Arafah the Restricted (Muqayyad) Takbir begins:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked concerning the restricted Takbir : Question: I hear some people reciting Takbir (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]”) after each Salah (Prayer) during the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) until the ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer of the third day. Is this correct or not? Answer: “The restricted Takbir should be recited after the Obligatory Daily Prayers starting from the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer of the Day of ‘Arafah until the ‘Asr Prayer on the last Day of Tashriq. The evidence for the permissibility of doing this is the Ijma‘ (consensus of scholars) and the practice of the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them).”

5. Increase in making Tahleel, Tahmeed , wa Takbir – unrestricted (Mutlaq):

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar (radhiAllaahu ‘anhuma) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allaah in which good deeds are more beloved to Him, than these ten days, so recite a great deal of Tahleel, Takbeer and Tahmeed during them.” [Narrated by Ahmad, 7/224.] ” The unrestricted Takbir can be recited at any time from the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah until the last Day of Tashriq.”

[Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’] Imaam Al-Bukhari said:

‘Umar Bin Al-Khattab used to say Al-Takbir in his tent (aloud) so that the people in the Masjid heard him. Then, the people in the Masjid too would say Al-Takbir and also those in the market so that the (valley of) Al-Mina used to reverberate with the Takbir. Source: Narrated by Imaam Al-Bukhari in the book of Two Festivals Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu ‘ahnum) used to go out to the market place during the ten days saying “Allahu-Akbar”, causing the people to say it also. Source: Narrated by Ibn Rajab in (Al-Fath 8/9)

6. Making lots of Istighfaar: As for you staying till the evening in ‘Arafah, then Allaah descends to the sky of the Duniya and He boasts about you to the Angels, and says: ‘My slaves have come to Me, looking rough, from every deep valley hoping for My mercy, so if your sins were equivalent to the amount of sand or the drops of rain or like the foam on the sea I will forgive them. So go forth My slaves! Having forgiveness and for what or who you have interceded for.’ [Reported by at-Tabarani in his book “al-Kabeer” and by al-Bazaar. Shaykh Al-Albani graded it Hassan. Taken from ‘Saheeh al-Targheeb wa Tarheeb’. Volume 2, Page 9-10, hadeeth no. 1112]

7. Asking Allah to free us from the hell fire on this day, since it was reported in a Hadeeth: Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘There is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ‘Arafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ‘Arafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ‘What are these people seeking.” [Jaami’ut-Tirmidhee (3/377)] For comments and suggestions on this article, write to editor [at]islaam.ae

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Truth is: guidance between two misguidances, uprightness between two deviations, light between two darknesses, justice between two oppressions. Therefore it is the middle, just choice. It does not accept lenience or extremism, nor negligence or excessiveness.

Source: @m___alomari Translated by: Zubayr ‘Abbasi