In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Ever Merciful…
Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan (may Allaah preserve him) was asked about how one is to pray in a chair when needed.
The reply: Prayer is the second pillar of Islaam. It is the foundational support-post of Islaam, and it is the first of all deeds a person will be held to account for on the Day of Judgment. If it is accepted [by Allaah], the rest of his deeds will be accepted. If it is rejected, the rest of his deeds will likewise be rejected. It is an obligation that no Muslim is ever excused from so long as he remains of sound mind. A Muslim prays according to his ability.
As Allaah has said, “Fear Allaah to the best of your ability.” And He, the Most High, has said, “Allaah does not burden any soul beyond its scope.”Furthermore, the Prophet, may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace, said,“When I have forbidden you from something, stay away from it [entirely]. When I have ordered you to do something, do as much of it as you are able.”
From this [generality] is prayer. A Muslim is to pray to the best of his ability, the best he can, due to the statement of the Prophet, may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace, “A sick person prays standing. If he is unable, then he may pray sitting. If he is unable, then he may pray [laying] on his side.” In one narration, “If he is unable, then laying back with his feet toward the qiblah.”
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