An introduction to Shirk and its divisions



Shaykh Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan says:

‘‘Shirk is to designate an associate/partner (shareek) with Allaah in His Ruboobiyyah (Lordship), or His Uloohiyyah(Divinity).  In most cases, the association (ishraak) is in the uloohiyyah, by calling upon someone along with Allaah, or designating for other than Allaah something from the various types of worship such as: sacrifice, taking oaths, and fear, and hope, and love.  Shirk is the greatest of sins and that is due to the following matters:

1.   It is resembling the creation with the Creator in characteristics of uloohiyyah.  So whoever associates someone with Allaah, then he indeed resembles him to Him, and this is the greatest injustice, as Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘Verily Shirk is a great injustice.’’ [Soorah Luqmaan 31:13] And injustice (dhulm) is to put something out of its proper place.  So whoever worships other than Allaah, then indeed he puts worship out of its proper place, and he directs it to one who does not deserve it, and that is the greatest injustice.

2.   Allaah informed that He does not forgive the one who does not repent from Shirk.  ‘‘Verily Allaah does not forgive that Shirk be made with Him, but He forgives whatever is below that to whomever He wishes.’’ [Sooratun-Nisaa 4:48]

3.   Allaah has informed that He has made Paradise unlawful upon the one who commits Shirk and that his dwelling place will be in the fire of Hell, Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘Verily whosoever associates partners with Allaah, then indeed Allaah has made Paradise unlawful for him, and his station is the Fire.  And the transgressors will not have any helpers.’’ [Sooratul-Maa‘idah 5:72]

4.   Shirk nullifies all good deeds, as Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘And if they associate others with Allaah, whatever they have done is nullified.’’ [Sooratul-An’aam 6:88] And Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘And it was already revealed to you and to those before you, that if you should associate anything with Allaah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be amongst the losers.’’ [Sooratuz-Zumar 39:65]

5.   The blood and wealth of the mushrik (one who commits Shirk) is lawful, as Allaah the Exalted says: ‘‘So kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit and wait for them at every place of ambush.’’ [Sooratut-Tawbah 9:5] And the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘I have been ordered to fight the people until they say: ‘There is none worthy of worship besides Allaah.’  So if they say it, their blood and wealth is protected from me, except with due right.’’ [7]

6.   Shirk is a deficiency and a problem that Allaah has negated from Himself.  So whoever associated others with Allaah, then indeed he has affirmed for Allaah what He negated from Himself.  And this is the goal of muhaadah(turning away) from Allaah the Exalted, and the goal of mu’aanidah (denial) and mushaaqah(deviation) with Allaah.’’ [8]

[7] Related by Muslim (1/51)

[8] Taken from Kitaabut-Tawheed(p. 8-10) of Shaykh Saalih Ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan, slightly adapted.

Taken From the Article: An introduction to Shirk and its divisions





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