[1] The Concept Of Zuhd: The Understanding Of The Salaf And The Bid’ah Of The Mystic Sufis


The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (the Desires) Author: Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim. Published: (01-Jan-99) Pages: 252 pp. (Paperback)

The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (the Desires)
Author: Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim.
Published: (01-Jan-99)
Pages: 252 pp. (Paperback) http://www.troid.ca/store

Related Subjects From The Appendix

The Deen of Allaah has been perfected. It urges the believer to direct his life in accordance with the way of the Deen, so that he receives the great rewards of Allaah in the Hereafter. Its stand towards this life is perfect, because it comes from the All-Perfect and the All-Wise, Allaah It demands that the objective of the believer should not be the life of this world. Allaah said:

Whoever desires [with his deeds] the reward of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his reward, and whosoever desires the reward of this world [with his deeds], We give him thereof [what is written for him], and he has no portion in the Hereafter.[Qur’aan, Soorat Ash- Shura, 42:20].

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said: 

The life of this world is the prison of the believer and a Jannah for the Kaafir.”

This, however, does not mean a complete neglectfulness of this life. The call for Zuhd is to lead a pious life devoted to Allaah taking the least that is sufficient of the lawful things of life. It does not mean to abandon lawful means of earning, property, children, etc. nor exaggerating in performing acts of worship. Zuhd does not require that a believer must be poor in order to gain the Mercy of Allaah!

Allaah said:

O Children of Adam! Take your adornment [by wearing your clean clothes] while praying and going round [the Tawaaf of the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He [Allaah] likes not the extravagant. Say [O Muhammad : “Who has forbidden the adoration with clothes given by Allaah, Which He has produced for his slaves, and At-Tayyibaat [all kinds of Halaal things] of food?” Say: “They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, [and] exclusively for them [believers] on the Day of Resurrection [the disbelievers will not share them].” Thus We explain the Aayaat [Islaamic laws] in detail for people who have knowledge. [Qur’aan, Soorat Al- ‘Araaf, 7:31-32],

He also said:

But seek with that [wealth] which Allaah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allaah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the land. Verily Allaah likes not the Mufsideen [those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupted people]. [Qur’aan, Soorat Ai-Qasas 28:77].

When Sa’d Bin Abee Waqqaas 101  asked the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) whether he can will all of his property in charity, the Prophet told him to give only one third of it and said:

“One third is too much. It is better for you to leave your inheritors wealthy than to leave them poor, begging from others. 102

He (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) invoked Allaah to grant abundant wealth to Anas Bin Maalik.

Narrated Anas My mother said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Please invoke Allaah on behalf of your servant (i.e. Anas ). “He said: “O Allaah! Increase his wealth and children, and bestow your blessings on whatever you give him. 103

There are many other texts in the Qur’aan and (or) Sunnah which teach die medium course of this Deen in its acts of worship as well as in its odes for living this life in the way that pleases Allaah

Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said: “The beneficial and lawful Zuhd is the one which is beloved to Allaah and to His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) , and it is the renunciation of that which is of no benefit n the Hereafter. However, renouncing what is beneficial for the Hereafter as well as the means that are helpful in this regard, is a kind of renunciation of Allaah’s worship and of His obedience. The true Zuhd is sought because it is a renunciation of what is harmful or things that have no benefit. The Zuhd regarding beneficial matters is ignorance and deviation from the right path.”104

Footnote:

101 Sa’d Bin Abee Waqqaas, one of the early sahaabah who accepted Islaam and one of the ten companions whom the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) brought good news that they would enter Al-Jannah. He shared in the battle of Badr and Uhud and was one of the six members of the Shoora counsel which ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab chose to appoint the new Khaleefah after ‘Umar was stabbed. He was the first to shoot an arrow at the Mushrikeen in Jihaad. He lead the Muslims in taking over ‘Iraaq from the Persians after defeating them in the battle of Al- Qaadisiyyah in the 15th year of Hijrah (634) He died in 55th year of Hijrah (675). [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-NubaIaa’,V. 1,#5.]

102 ‘Agreed upon hadeeth. [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 4, Hadeeth #5.]

103An agreed upon hadeeth. [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #355.]

104 Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa, V. 10, p. 511.

 

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