Allah is the sole creator of everything including mans deeds. No single atom or higher element, static or in motion exists, but Allah has created it. Nothing takes place in this world except Allah has created it
‘Verily Allah is the creator of everything.” (39:62)
“Say (O Muhammad) that Allah is the creator of everything and He is the one Irresistible.” (13:16)
In all of His actions there is perfect Wisdom. He does not do anything in vain nor is His action devoid of any meaning. His actions are Real, All Wise, and All just. His creatures and their deeds are His creation.
The slave of Allah has real ability, will, choice and action. Mans ability to move and to believe are actions that are truly attributed to Him. These actions are created by Allah Mans movement, standing, sitting etc.. are real actions which Allah decreed, set under His ability, willed and created them for Him. Mans will and actions are next to His swt. This is the medium and straight way of relating the actions of Allah to those of His creation. This is the course of the salaf us salih (righteous predecessors).
It stand against two extremes:
1 The claim made by a sect called Al Jabariyyah-they hold that the people have no free will and are not responsible for their actions, rather they are forced like a feather in the wind.
2. .Known as Al-qadariyyah-they deny Al-qadar and claim that an creates his own actions by his own ability and will making creators other than Allah. That is why the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) called them Majoos (magians) of this ummah,” because the Majoos claim that Satan created evil and harmful things, making Satan a creator besides Allah
The medium course is that of Ahlu Sunnah the followers of as Salaf us Salih. Allah swt has created our actions and knows them before we do them due to his Perfect Knowledge but this does not negate that people have free will and responsible for their actions because Allah does not force us to choose that action.
Carry on doing (good) deeds for everyone will find easy to do such deeds as will lead him to his destined place for which he has been created. So he who is destined to be among the happy (in the Hereafter) will find it easy to do the deeds of such people. He swt forsook the wicked and the evil ones and left them to themselves and did not help them because they turned away from Him
The slaves stand to Allah Al- qadar has 2 levels:
1. Before the taqdeer takes place, he should seek the help from Allah, depend upon him and supplicate to him.
2. After the taqdeer takes place. If the taqdeer is different from what he had worked for (1awful and good) he should be patient and accept the taqdeer. If the taqdeer is a favour that conforms with what he had set up and worked for, then he should be grateful to Allah and should praise Him for it. If he commits a sinful deed, he should ask Allahs forgiveness and repent
“But if you persevere patiently and have taqwa (be pious) then verily this is from the great matters which you must hold on with all your efforts.” (3:186)
Some people take the Al-qadar as a plea against Allah. They think its not fair if Allah wanted something to happen that He punishes us for it. Allah says (which means)
“Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say, “If Allah had willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with Him… Likewise belied those who were before them, till they tasted of our wrath. Say, “Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie.”(6:148)
So Allah warned those who take Al-qadar as a plea against Him.
“We sent Apostles as givers of glad tidings and warning, not to let the people have a plea against Allah.”(4:165)
“Allah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity.” (2::286)
“We showed the humans both ways.”
If you have no choice Allah is burdening you with more than you can bear. So you can change. He swt ordered you to be pious, modest, so it means you can do this, you cannot say I cant change. You think too much about the affairs of this dunya. When you leave college or university what you will further study. Why don’t you think about the fire and paradise, why is t that you think of a certain subject to choose in the world, why don’t you say Allah wrote this for me in the al-qadr? Why do you study medicine and not stay at home? Why do you only use al-qadr when it comes to hell and paradise? Why is it that when you are thirsty you move to quench your thirst and when you are hungry? Why don’t you say that Allah will provide or if Allah wills I will then eat? You work in this life and think before choosing.
You don’t take the al-qadr as an excuse when someone hits you, why then do you get angry? If you punch someone they’ll punch you back.
Once a man came to Umar ibn al-khattaab who stole and when Umar ibn al-khattaab was about to cut his hand he said: “why are you going to punish me when this is the alqadr of Allah” so Umar ibn al-khattaab replied “This is also the al-qadr of Allah that I cut your hand.