2. Al-Kitabah – The Writings


A. Fifty Thousand Years Before The Creation of the heavens and the Earth

Al Kitabah means that Allah wrote everything about the creation. He has written what He says and what He does and all that comes to existence due to His actions and sayings. All is written in Umm ul kitab (lit: the mother of the book) known also as (al-Lauh al-Mahfoudh) The preserved tablet and (Ad dhikr) the original book of records. Allah says which means):

“Do not you know that Allah knows All that is in the Heaven and on earth? Verily, it is all in the book. Verily! That is easy for Allah”(22:70)

The prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) explained that “Allah had written the ordained measures (and due proportions) of the creation, fifty thousand years before the creation of the heavens and the earth and His Arsh was on the water” (saheeh Muslim v4 pg. 1397)

Allah ordered The Pen (Al-qalam) to write the records of all preordained measures and qualities unit; the hour is established.

Narrated Abee Hafsah: Ubaadah bin saamit said to his son: “Oh son! You shall not get the true sense of eemaan until you know that what has befallen you was not going to miss you and what missed you was not going to befall upon you. I heard the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) saying:

“As soon as Allah created the pen, he commanded it saying: write. It said: “what should I write my Lord?” Allah said: “Write the record of all things to happen till the establishment of the hour” Oh my son I have heard Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) saying: “He who dies believing other than this is not from me”(i.e. is not upon the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) belief) (Abu Dawud)

B. The Writing Following The Creation of Aadam

Umar ibn Al-khattab was asked about the following aayah:

“And remember when your Lord brought forth the children of Aadam from their loins their seed (or from aadams loins ,his offspring) and made them bear witness as to themselves saying “Am I not your Lord? They said : “Yes”. We testify lest you say on the day of resurrection, verily we were unaware of this”
(7:172).

and he said, “When Allah’s Messenger was asked about it, I heard him say: “I Allah created Aadam and then he passed his right hand and brought forth from it his offspring saying “I have created these for paradise and they will do the deeds of the people of Jannah (those that will go to paradise), he then passed his hand over his back and brought forth from it his offspring saying “I have created these for the Hell and they will do the deeds of the people of the hellfire”. Thereupon a man asked what is the use of doing any good? Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Verily when Allah creates a slave for paradise he uses him in doing the deeds of the people of paradise until he dies doing them upon which he will enter paradise but when he creates a slave for the hellfire, he uses him in doing the deeds of those who will enter hell, until he dies upon doing one of their actions upon which he will enter helr’.(Imaam Ahmad, Abu Dawood & others)

Shaikh Al-Albaani commented that many people may understand that these Hadith indicate that man has no choice with respect to his deeds while there are many who think that being from the people from Paradise or the people of Hell is an arbitrary matter, or just a sheer luck. It is known that Allah is perfect in His Names and Attributes that

“there is nothing like Him” (42:11)

it is according to His Knowledge Wisdom and Justice and that he the exalted chose people for Paradise or for Hell he knew that those chosen for Paradise will obey him when they are commanded to do so. An those for Hell will disobey Allah decisions therefore it is in accordance with what would come of them. Belief in eemaan that necessitates the admittance into paradise or disbelief that necessitates punishment in Hell, both faith and disbelief are a matter of choice for mankind. Allah the exalted does not force anyone to adopt other choice:

“Then whosoever wills let him believe and whosoever wills let him disbelieve” (18:29).

Because His swt choice is All Just and All Wise. Therefore Allah cannot be questioned about it. (Al Albaani in silsilatul Ahadeeth As Saheehah)

C. The Taqdeer Allah – ‘Umari: Covering the persons life span.

The persons livelihood, life term, deeds and his status in the Hereafter (wretched or blessed) are written while in the mothers womb at an early stage of his development. This is confirmed in the hadeeth related by Abdullah ibn Masood who said, “Allahs Messengers saw said: “The creation of everyone of you is collected for the first forty days in his mothers womb in the form of a nutfah after which it turns into an alaqah for an equal period. Then it becomes a mudgha (a lump of flesh) for a similar period and then Allah sends an angel with four words recording the persons provision, his life term, his deeds and whether he will be wretched or the blessed (in the hereafter). Then he breaths the soul into him. By Allah besides whom there is no true God, the one amongst you will do the deeds of the people of Paradise till there is only the distance of a cubit between him and Paradise but then the writings precedes and so he will do the deeds of the people of the fire, and thus enters it; and one of you will do the deeds of the people of the fire until there remains a cubit between him and Hell that the writings precedes and he will do the deeds of the people of Paradise, and thus enters it

D. Taqdeer-There is the Annual Taqdeer, which occurs in the night of decree (lailatul-qadar)

“Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainment.” (44:4)

E. Daily Taqdeer – Yawmi

“Whosoever in the Heavens and the Earth asks of Him (for their needs)). Everyday He has a matter to bring forth.” (55:29)

The prophet explained the above ayat, “Everyday He has a matter to bring forth”-that He may forgive a sin for someone, lifts in honour some, relief the hardship of someone, lifts in honour some and lowers some. (Ibn Maajah and Abee Aasim in As Sunnah)

What is the relation between all of the above levels of the written Taqdeer?

Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Qayyim stressed that the taqdeer in the preserved tablet is a general and comprehensive one that covers everything, while the other levels of taqdeer are special details for the taqdeer of the preserved tablet (Ibn Taymiyah Aqeedah Waasitiyah)

The writing in the preserved tablet is not subject to any change whatsoever because it is based upon Allahs Knowledge (i.e. the one written 50,000 years before the creation of the Heavens and the earth). However changes may occur in the other taqdeers , but these changes are also recorded in the preserved tablet.

 

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