Allaah Created Adam upon His Image

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Question: A hadeeth has been reported from the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in which he prohibits cursing the face (literally saying ‘may Allaah make your face ugly’), and it mentions that Allaah (Subhaanahu) created Adam upon His Image. So what is the safe belief in reference to this hadeeth?

Answer: The hadeeth is confirmed from the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), that he said: “When one of you hits (someone else), then let him avoid the face, for indeed Allaah created Aadam upon His Image.” And in another wording (of this hadeeth) he said, “upon the Image of Ar-Rahmaan (the Most Merciful).” And this (hadeeth) does not necessitate resembling or likening Allaah (to His creatures).

The meaning of it with the people of knowledge is that Allaah created Adam hearing, seeing, and speaking if he wished to do so (i.e. Aadam had these attributes). This is also the description of Allaah, for verily He is Hearing, Seeing, and Speaking if He wishes, and He has a Face, Magnificent and Exalted is He.

However, this does not mean resembling or likeness. Rather, the Image that is for Allaah is not like the image that is for the creation. It only means that He is Hearing, Seeing, and Speaking if and whenever He wishes to do so. And thus did Allaah create Aadam as one who is hearing, seeing, and possessing a face, and a foot. However, the hearing (of one) is not like the hearing (of the other), and the seeing (of one) is not like the seeing (of the other), and the speaker is not like the (other) speaker. Rather, Allaah has attributes that are befitting His Majesty and His Sublimity, and the slave (of Allaah) has attributes that are befitting him. The attributes of the slave (of Allaah) is exposed to cessation and deficiency, whereas the attributes of Allaah are perfect and not exposed to deficiency, cessation of being, or ending. For this reason, Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic said, “There is nothing like Hime, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Seeing.” And He, Glory be unto Him, said, “And there is none comparable or coequal to Him.” Thus, it is not permissible to strike the face (of someone), nor to curse the face (saying ‘may Allaah make your face ugly’).

Answered by Ash-Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz

Source: The program Noorun ‘alaa ad-Darb, on tape number 30.

Translated by Aqeel Walker