An Incitement towards the Sunnah and a Warning against Innovations


 Sufficiency in Creed

by: Imaam Ibn Qudaamah Al-Maqdisee {rahimallah}

Explaination by: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih Uthaymeen {rahimallah}

An Incitement towards the Sunnah and a Warning against Innovations Pgs.39-41 

Ibn Qudaamah says:

We have been commanded to follow their way (the Prophet (Alayhee salatul wasalaam) and his Companions (May Allah be pleases with them)) and to be guided by their example. And we have been warned of the newly invented matters and we have been informed that they are from among the things that lead astray. The Prophet (alayhee salatul wasalaam) said: “Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Khaleefas (who will come) after me. Bite o­nto it (the Sunnah) with your molar teeth and beware of newly invented matters. For indeed, every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a misguidance.”

Imaam Uthaymeen explanation:

Following the way of the Prophet (alayhee salatul wasalaam) and his Companions is obligatory due to the Prophet’s (alayhee salatul wasalaam) statement:

“Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Khaleefas (who will come) after me. Bite o­nto it (the Sunnah) with your molar teeth and beware of newly invented matters. For indeed, every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a misguidance.”

Ahmad and AbuDawud reported it as well as At-Tirmidhee who said: “It is hasan saheeh.” Al-Albanee and many others authenticated it. ***

*** Hadeeth Saheeh: This is an authentic hadeeth transmitted by Ahmad in his Musnad {4/126-127}, AbuDawud in his Sunan: Book of Adhering to the Sunnah {No.# 4607} and At-Tirmidhee in his Sunan: Book of Knowledge {No.# 2676}. Ibn Majah reported it in the introduction to his Sunan {No.#42 & 43} as did Ad-Daarimee in his Sunan {1/44} and Ibn Hibban {No.# 102 of Al-Mawaarid}. Al-Haakim (1/97}, Ibn Abee ‘Aasim in As-Sunnah {pg. 17, No.#20,29 & 30}, Al-Bayhaqee in Dalaa’il-un-Nubuwah {6/541} and Ibn ‘Abd-i;-Barr in Jaami’ Bayaan-il-‘Ilm wa Fadlihi {1/222} also reported it. All of them occur from the hadeeth of ‘Irbaad bin Saariyah {radiallahu anhu}. Many scholars have authenticated it, such as At-Tirmidhee, who said it was “hasaan saheeh”. Al-Haakim authenticated it and Adh-Dhaabee agreed. Ibn ‘Abd-il-Barr quoted Abu Bakr Ahmad bin ‘Amr Al-Bazaar as saying: “The hadeeth of ‘Irbaad concerning the rightly-guided Khaleefahs is saheeh and established.” Then he (Ibn ‘Abd-il-Barr) said: “It is as he said.” Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah {rahimallah} declared it saheeh in more than o­ne place of his books: Majmoo’ Al-Fataawa (20/309) and Iqtidaa Siraat-il-Mustaqeem (2/579). As for the authentication of Al-Albanee, which the Shaikh has indicated in his explanation, then it is found in Saheeh Al-Jammi-us-Sagheer (2/346) as well as his takhreej (checking) of As-Sunnah by Ibn Abee ‘Aasim (pgs. 29-30).***

The Sunnah and Bid’ah and the ruling for each of them

Linguistically, Sunnah means a way. In the Religion, it refers to that which the Prophet (Alayhee salatul wasalaam) and his Companions (May Allah be pleased with them) were upon with regard to belief and actions. Following the Sunnah is an obligation due to Allah’s statement:

“Indeed, in the Messenger of Allah, you have a good example to follow for he who hopes for (meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.” {Surah Al-Ahzaab 33:21}

And due to the Prophet’s (Alayhee salatul wasalaam) statement:

“Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Khaleefas (who will come) after me. Bite o­nto it (the Sunnah) with your molar teeth and beware of newly invented matters. For indeed, every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a misguidance.”

The word bid’ah (innovation) linguistically means something that is recently invented. Religiously, it means that which was introduced into the Religion in contradiction to what the Prophet {Alayhee salatul wasalaam} and his Companions (May Allah be pleased them.) were upon with regard to belief and action. And this is forbidden due to the statement of Allah.

“And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the guidance has been clearly conveyed to him, and follows a way other than the way of the believers (i.e., Sahaabah), We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn in Hell. What an evil destination.” {Surah An-Nisaa 4:115}

And the Prophet’s {Alayhee salatul wasalaam} statement:

“And beware of newly invented matters. For indeed, every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a misguidance.”

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